ST. BEES’-HEAD.

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“When tempests rage, and nights are long and dark.
The “Light of Barath” guides the wilder’d bark.”

THIS lofty headland, anciently known as the “Cliff of Barath,” is a conspicuous
object to vessels in the north-east part of the Irish channel — bold, abrupt, and
precipitous towards the sea; but presenting, as it slopes inland, a fine undulating and
pastoral mass of verdure, through which, at intervals, projecting fragments of rock
discover its geological character. The succession of deeply indented and rugged
precipices which it presents seaward is singularly wild and picturesque; and during
gales from the southward the scene is one of the most sublime that can be conceived.

The lighthouse which occupies the summit was first erected in 1718, with a fixed
light at an elevation of three hundred and thirty-three feet above high water, which in
clear weather is visible at a distance of twenty miles. But in January, 1823, a new light,
consisting of nine reflectors, was first exhibited, which has doubtless been the means of
rescuing from destruction many lives and much valuable property.

The view from the summit of this cliff is particularly striking — embracing all the
bolder features of the Scottish shore — the Isle of Man, and an expanse of sea which,
however the wind may blow, is always enlivened with shipping. Besides the exportation
of coal, which is immense, there are several vessels employed in the exportation of
lime, freestone, alabaster, and grain, and in the importation of West Indian, American,
and Baltic produce, flax and linen from Ireland, and pig-iron from Wales.

The parish of St. Bees, is very extensive, and includes some picturesque
mountain scenery, among which may be enumerated the views from those peculiarly
named hills Hard-knot, Wry-nose, and Scafell. The highest point of this range, Scafell,
is three thousand one hundred and sixty feet above the level of the sea, at this height
very little vegetation is met with; huge masses of stone piled one upon the other, in
alternations of different strata, give to the whole a ridged or furrowed appearance of
a singular character. The visitors to “the Lakes” may here gratify their taste for the
romantic by visiting the beautiful valley of Buttermere, situated about midway between
St. Bees and Keswick. This lake or mere, so widely known and so highly praised, is
about a mile and a quarter in lengths, and nearly half a mile in breadth; it is connected
by a little stream with Crummock Lake, which has three or four small islands, but these

are placed too near the shore to add much to its beauty. The best general views of the
lake are from the Hause, a rocky point on the eastern side, and from the road between
Scale-hill and Lowes- water. Both lakes are well stocked with trout and char. Scale
Force, near Buttermere, has a fall of more than one hundred and fifty feet, and is very
nearly perpendicular, besides uniting its waters with a small fall below: it is said to be
the deepest in the Lake District. The water is precipitated into a tremendous chasm
between two mural rocks of sienite, beautifully overhung with trees, which have their
roots in the crevices, and the sides are clad with a profusion of plants which glitter in the
spray of the fall. At Buttermere is situated the Sour Milk Gill, a waterfall so termed from
the frothy whiteness of its surface, which has been supposed to resemble butter-milk
fresh from the churn. The temptation to indulge In reminiscences of the innumerable
views of interest with which this vicinity abounds, has led us to ramble far from the
description of the promontory which forms our subject; but this is less to be regretted
as it has afforded us an opportunity of calling the reader’s attention to a country that
yields to none in the United Kingdom in point of natural beauties, and which is every
succeeding year becoming a more memorable resort.

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